Florida Safety Council and the Jacksonville Sheriff’s Office launched the Duval
County Florida pilot of the 24x7 Sobriety Monitoring Program in August 2014.
program was pioneered by former South Dakota Attorney General Larry Long and has now been in effect since
February of 2005.
“The 24x7 program works like an
electric fence works. The punishment is swift, 100% certain, but not severe.
And that seems to be why the program is effective. I also think there is a
therapeutic effect for offenders involved in a twice-daily program with a
community of participants like themselves. They don’t feel singled out and they
have others involved daily in addressing their addiction problem. It’s been
gratifying to me to hear from family members of offenders who see a real
difference in their son or daughter or spouse as they become sober again and
are able to sustain it over time. I believe that the 24x7 sobriety program,
which allows us to gather and analyze data related to these repeat offenders,
will help us make real strides in the future in balancing punitive and
treatment options that can help end the cycle and move people to permanent
sobriety.” Former South Dakota Attorney General, and current circuit Judge Larry Long,
What do these programs
Sobriety Monitoring Programs are a growing national trend − in which alcohol
and other drug offenders are intensively monitored by various means to achieve
extended sobriety. The Program provides
a commitment to working with chronic DUI and other substance abusers, with the
goal of behavioral change and prevention of additional substance abuse related
on the program: participants remain in
society, conduct their daily lives, work, pay their fees, and fulfill their
responsibilities, as long as they are program compliant and pass the
What do these programs include?
focus on personal responsibility and accountability of the offender,
focus on change of behavior/choices of the offender,
focus on alcohol & other drug abstinence requirement of the offender,
poly-substance use testing and monitoring of the offender,
data collection and communication, using web-based client management software,
and immediate consequences for violations by the offender.
How have these
programs been used in other states?
24x7 Sobriety Program is being used by the courts in several states as a
condition of bond, for sentencing as a condition of probation, and in family
courts for domestic violence, child welfare and related concerns.
programs have been implemented statewide, by Attorney’s Generals, local
Sheriffs, the Courts, probation and parole, and Corrections departments.
Where else has this been
statewide programs have been established in South Dakota, Washington, North
Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Alaska
through demonstration programs and passing legislation.
program(s) are currently in operation in Florida, Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa,
Wisconsin, Nebraska, and some jurisdictions in the United Kingdom.
programs and/or legislation are being pursued in: Utah, Minnesota, Missouri, Hawaii, Georgia,
Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Nevada,
Oregon, and Texas.
Why is this program chosen
over other methods?
works—the 24x7 Program has been shown through peer reviewed data to have long
term positive impacts on reducing recidivism in repeat DUI participants.
program provides less opportunity for tampering and manipulating the system
because in this program, the monitoring operator is not the user for the vast
majority of the participants.
monitoring options used in this program require face-to-face observation of the
conducted test or are testing methodologies that remotely monitor sobriety if
the offender cannot present to the testing site.
What kinds of tests are used to make sure offenders are complying?
The 24x7 program uses several approved testing
methodologies to measure use of alcohol or drugs to make sure that the
participants are following the program guidelines. The tools the Judge can
choose from include:
breath testing (PBT) or evidentiary devices, recommended for twice-daily (seven
days a week) for alcohol (this is the primary testing methodology**)
alcohol monitoring (ankle bracelet)
handheld alcohol monitoring
sweat patches or Oral fluid testing
or blood tests (random or scheduled)
participants may be required by the court to use more than one
the tools available, PBTx2 is the most common monitoring tool used (85% of all
is an offender held accountable?
If participants do not show up for a scheduled test, or
if a test shows consumption of alcohol or other drugs, then probation, parole or bond may be instantly
revoked and participant may be immediately jailed. Sanctions should be swift,
certain, and measured. Sanctions most often afford a reinstatement into
Is the Program Cost-
The 24x7 program is based on a participant pay
(user-funded) model with formal adopted rules and procedures. The
web-based 24x7 management software coordinates data, testing sites, and
communicates information to all agencies that touch the system and administer
the project. No taxpayer dollars are necessary to operate.
Flexibility is built into the business model and allows the testing agency to
utilize existing or new resources to maximize efficiencies. Price points
for testing have been kept low eliminating the need for indigence
considerations by the courts.
Is this a proven program?
Evidenced in a study by the RAND Corporation, South
Dakota’s 24x7 Sobriety Project is showing favorable results in reducing problem
drinking and improving public health outcomes. As published in the American
Journal of Public Health in November 2012, the first year’s analysis of a four
year study showed that between 2005 and 2010 there was a significant reduction
in crashes, DUI recidivism (12%), a decline in domestic violence offenses (9%),
and a positive effect on mortality for counties that adopted 24/7. Additional analysis is being done on 30,000
participants, cost benefit analysis, and the impact on health care systems
where 24/7 is implemented. The peer
reviewed and evidence based 24/7 publication by the RAND Corporation is
available through the American Journal of Public Health. ** In South Dakota, 85% of the
participants monitored for alcohol were on twice a day testing and 15% were
placed on transdermal devices. The Rand
Study cited above was based on this distribution.
the Mountain Plains Evaluations,
researchers documented the dramatic decrease in recidivism for multiple
DUI offenders placed on the program. The
data was generated from participants that only
participated in the twice a day testing portion of the program. In further studies from the Mountain Plains
firm, 24x7 alcohol testing studies confirmed that twice per day testing had
lasting and long term positive effects on DUI recidivism versus use of a transdermal
device. In contrast, studies consistently show that the IID has no long term
effect on behavior change of the offender.
See study results at the link below:
information about the Duval pilot, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org, subject line 24x7 Sobriety